It may have taken awhile, but Canadian wine is on the rise. Yet many wine consumers — including those inside Canada — are unfamiliar with what’s being produced. Undoubtedly, when one thinks of Canadian wine, one can’t help but think of the sweet icewines the country is known for. But I’m here to tell you that modern Canada is much more than icewines. Indeed, just within the past fifteen to twenty years, the production of dry still wines has increased, and today many of these wines can stand up amongst the best New World producers.
The history of Canadian wine starts out as many of North America’s wine regions do — with missionaries planting grapes to create sacramental wine. But there were many economical, social, and political barriers that prevented the success of any kind of wine industry. So it wasn’t until the late 1980s and early 1990s that the country saw a modern wine movement. And it wasn’t until about 2003 to 2013 that the country saw an increase in grapes planted and wineries established, creating a real name for Canadian wine.
And so it is that Canada is probably the newest of the New World of wine — and still quite small. According to Karen MacNeil’s The Wine Bible, as of 2012 there were only 29,000 acres of vines planted in the entirety of the Canadian country — that’s less than a third of what’s planted in California’s Napa Valley alone. Part of the reason may be the unique — undeniably cold — climate known to Canada’s main wine regions.
To reference Karen MacNeil again, she describes Canadian wine regions as “refrigerated sunlight:” cool, sunny, and mostly dry. This makes it a thriving environment for white wines: Gewurtraminer, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Vidal Blanc, Viognier, and even Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. When it comes to red wines, Pinot Noir is the reigning king — although I would make the argument for Gamay as prince to that throne — with scattered plantings of Bordeaux varieties, and the lone Rhone, Syrah.
Grape growing in Canada is most common in British Columbia, southern Ontario, and Nova Scotia. But the three largest wine regions are inside British Columbia’s Okanagan Valley. Okanagan boasts about 82% of the province’s total wine production and is Canada’s second largest wine-producing region. For that reason, I’m going to focus on this area for the time being.
East of Vancouver, Okanagan stretches from about 100 miles north of the Canadiana–American border from Washington state. A point of pride for the up-and-coming wine region is that its exact location is between the 49th and 50th parallel north — meaning it’s within the same latitude as such major wine region players as Champagne and Rheingau. (See the above map.)
Here the climate is mostly continental, but temperatures are kept low due to the Okanagan Lake and its connected bodies of water. Additionally, the Cascade and Coast Mountains shield the area from excessive rain. So, as Karen MacNeil said: it’s dry, sunny, but considerably (and to the benefit of the grapes consistently) cool.
Of course, like with any other valley, Okanagan vineyards will experience diverse microclimates depending where along the valley floor or valley walls they grow. Thus, the region is home to over 60 grape varieties. And styles span the whole spectrum: sweet, sparkling, still, fortified, dessert and — yes — icewines.
For this Canadian experiment I’m sticking to varieties that I am most familiar with from a winemaker from BC’s Okanagan Valley.(Links will become live as the reviews are published.)
Anthony Buchanan 2016 Pinot Blanc
Desert Hills 2016 Gamay
Anthony Buchanan Pinot Noir
Desert Hills 2012 Syrah
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